The Campo de Marte with the Anhembi complex have an area of 2,892,872 m², or twice the size of Ibirapuera Park, and is under federal jurisdiction. His tenure, however, is the subject of a dispute between the city of São Paulo and the Federal Government publicly began in 1949. Since attempts to amicable agreement have been unsuccessful, in 1958 the City of São Paulo filed a lawsuit.
Theme that accompanies Vera Cecilia Leme since the time of the university, twice it was an academic project. Investigating its potential, creates in an area of approximately 2 million m², a landscape composition that embraces sports, cultural, leisure and rest spaces.
It proposes to recycle almost 70,000 m² of existing hangars to transform them into a Cultural and Sports Center and to add to the New Park all existing structures of the Anhembi Complex.
A great Green Reserve, dynamic, creative and lively.
What is known today by Campo de Marte, in Brazil Colonial was Fazenda Sant’Ana, belonging to the Jesuits. In the seventeenth century, the Marquis of Pombal expelled them from Brazil and their possessions, including lands, were annexed to the Crown.
The 1891 Constitution, the Federal Government had to restore to the states their vacant land and thus the area of the current Campo de Marte went to the State of São Paulo.
In 1895, with Law 323, the same area is transferred to the Municipality of São Paulo. Subsequently, a precarious license was granted to the Public Force, which adapted the area for use of its Military Aviation.
Defeated São Paulo in the Constitutionalist Revolution of 1932, President Getulio Vargas says the Campo de Marte “war booty” and seizes it, there installing a regiment of the Military Aviation of the National Army. Over time, the planes were transferred to Cumbica and the Campo de Marte transformed into Aeronautics Park.
PROJECT FOR TRANSFORMING THE MARS FIELD IN PARK
A Cultural Centre inserted in a park at the metropolitan level, in the area of the current Campo de Marte and São Paulo Aeronautical Material Park, is an urbanistic solution that allows rebuilding and revitalizing a specific area ofthe City of São Paulo that is already living for some years renovation and historic restoration interventions.
The renovation of the Campo de Marte area, transforming it into a park, besides giving the city, in need of vegetation, a positive green environmental impact, will add to itself the existing buildings of the Anhembi Park, the Palace of Conventions and the Sambódromo, innovating their spaces.
The intention to recycle the existing hangars, of almost 100,000 m² built, with ample spaces, will allow to preserve the existing urban and historical context.
The use of such spaces by a cultural and sports centre in a huge park will induce a continuous use of this area.
Campo de Marte is today a point of convergence between the centre of São Paulo and the districts of Santana, Carandiru and Casa Verde, the latter two with new structures renovated and / or recycled, such as Rail Station da Luz, Art Museum Pinacoteca, Sala São Paulo and the most recent Carandiru Complex.
The perspective is that a strong element will be created that can use and complete an existing infrastructure, giving continuity to the urban network.
Social and leisure equipment will be grouped according to the type of activity in a park of approximately 2 million m². The strip adjacent to the edge of the park, which is in contact with the city, will be destined to the service equipment and the sports zone. In the intermediary range, cultural activities will be implemented, and the central zone will be free for those who only seek contact with nature.